Authors:  
  • Rafael Boix (Universitat de València)
  • Vittorio Galletto (Institut d’Estudis Regionals i Metropolitans de Barcelona)

Year: 2009

The paper analyses an exhaustive database of patents granted in Spain between 2001 and 2006 aggregated in a panel of 806 local labour markets classified by seven typologies of local production systems. The analysis shows that Marshallian industrial districts generate 30% of Spanish patents and an innovative output per capita that is 47% above the national average and 31% larger than the manufacturing production systems of large firms. The econometric estimates of a fixed-effects model confirm the existence of an innovation-district (I-district) effect and its size. The I-district effect is mainly related to the presence of Marshallian localization economies.

Boix, R., & Galletto, V. (2009). Innovation and Industrial Districts: A First Approach to the Measurement and Determinants of the I-District Effect. Regional Studies, 43(9), 1117-1133. doi: 10.1080/00343400801932342