Authors:  
  • Jerôme Dupras (Université du Québec)
  • Joan Marull (Institut d’Estudis Regionals i Metropolitans de Barcelona)
  • Lluís Parcerisas (Université du Québec)
  • Francesc Coll (Institut d’Estudis Regionals i Metropolitans de Barcelona)
  • Andrew Gonzalez (McGill University)
  • Marc Girard (Université de Montréal)
  • Enric Tello (Universitat de Barcelona)

Year: 2016

Urban sprawl is a widely recognized phenomenon in many major cities worldwide and is a significant land use planning and management issue. This process has many impacts on the ecological function and structure of the landscape. In this article, we analyze the effects of urban sprawl on the ecological patterns and processes in the Montreal Metropolitan Region (MMR) between 1966 and 2010. The dispersed sprawl of low-density urban areas within the territory during this period sharply increased the fragmentation of the territory, isolating the few remaining natural spaces and decreasing their ecological connectivity and, ultimately, biodiversity. The results obtained clearly show that land-use changes that occurred in the MMR have caused profound changes in landscape properties, both structurally and functionally, and especially from 1981 to 2010. In 1966, around 45% of the land had a high or very high level of connectivity, and almost 38% in 1981. By 2010 only 6.5% of the landscape was connected and 73% of the territory possessed no or low connectivity.

Dupras, J., Marull, J., Parcerisas, L., Coll, F., Gonzalez, A., Girard, M., & Tello, E. (2016). The impacts of urban sprawl on ecological connectivity in the Montreal Metropolitan Region. Environmental Science & Policy, 58, 61-73. doi: 10.1016/j.envsci.2016.01.005